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Electromagnetic Radiation by a Mobile Phone; effect on the Skeletal System
Bron: www.hindawi.com/journals/bmri/2015/896019/ .
BioMed Research International
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 896019, 11 pages
The Influence of Electromagnetic Radiation Generated by a Mobile Phone on the Skeletal System of Rats
Karolina Sieroń-Stołtny,1 Łukasz Teister,2 Grzegorz Cieślar,3 Dominik Sieroń,4 Zbigniew Śliwinski,5 Marek Kucharzewski,6 and Aleksander Sieroń3
1School of Health Sciences in Katowice, Department of Physical Medicine, Chair of Physiotherapy, Medical University of Silesia, Medyków Street 12, 40-752 Katowice, Poland
2Orthopaedics and Motor System Trauma Surgery Unit, Saint Joseph Hospital, Okrzei Street 27, 43-190 Mikołów, Poland
3School of Medicine with the Division of Dentistry in Zabrze, Department and Clinic of Internal Diseases, Angiology and Physical Medicine in Bytom, Medical University of Silesia, Batorego Street 15, 41-902 Bytom, Poland
4Dr. Janusz Daab District Trauma Surgery Hospital, Bytomska Street 62, 41-940 Piekary Śląskie, Poland
5Department of Manual Therapy, Institute of Physiotherapy, Jan Kochanowski University, IX Wieków Kielc Street 19, 25-317 Kielce, Poland
6School of Medicine with the Division of Dentistry in Zabrze, Chair and Department of Descriptive and Topographic Anatomy, Medical University of Silesia, Jordana Street 19, 41-808 Zabrze, Poland
Received 21 July 2014; Accepted 4 November 2014
Academic Editor: Haining Zhang
Copyright © 2015 Karolina Sieroń-Stołtny et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
The study was focused on the influence of electromagnetic field generated by mobile phone on the skeletal system of rats, assessed by measuring the macrometric parameters of bones, mechanical properties of long bones, calcium and phosphorus content in bones, and the concentration of osteogenesis (osteocalcin) and bone resorption (NTX, pyridinoline) markers in blood serum. The study was carried out on male rats divided into two groups: experimental group subjected to 28-day cycle of exposures in electromagnetic field of 900 MHz frequency generated by mobile phone and a control, sham-exposed one. The mobile phone-generated electromagnetic field did not influence the macrometric parameters of long bones and L4 vertebra, it altered mechanical properties of bones (stress and energy at maximum bending force, stress at fracture), it decreased the content of calcium in long bones and L4 vertebra, and it altered the concentration of osteogenesis and bone resorption markers in rats. On the basis of obtained results, it was concluded that electromagnetic field generated by 900 MHz mobile phone does not have a direct impact on macrometric parameters of bones; however, it alters the processes of bone mineralization and the intensity of bone turnover processes and thus influences the mechanical strength of bones.
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