Blood Brain Barrier (permeability)

vrijdag, 25 januari 2019 - Categorie: Onderzoeken

Physicians for Safe Technology

Scientific Literature
Dr. Leif Salford and others have demonstrated that exposure to low level microwave radiation from wireless devices can cause the blood brain barrier to open for 2 weeks or more. Researchers have shown in rodent studies that wireless radiation exposure causes leakage of albumin from the plasma into the brain resulting in long term neuronal damage. In a 2015 study by Tang et al. rats were exposed to 900MHz radiation for 3 hours a day at low power and well below current safety standards. They found after 28 days of exposure that there were structural changes in the hippocampus and cortex, damage to the blood brain barrier, cellular edema and neuronal degeneration. This supports other studies listed in Nervous System Effects which show damage to neurons in the hippocampus with memory deficits. The hippocampus is a part of the brain that controls working and spatial memory, emotional memory and is involved in a chronic stress response.

Dr. Leif Salford, in this fascinating video, discusses the surprising results of his long term research over decades on the effects of low level radio frequency radiation exposure on the blood brain barrier in rodents. After short exposures there can be a lasting effect with an ultimately toxic results on neural structures.

Published Articles
. Exposure to 900 MHz electromagnetic fields activates the mkp-1/ERK pathway and causes blood-brain barrier damage and cognitive impairment in rats.(2015) Tang J et al. Brain Res. 2015 Mar 19;1601:92-101.
. Effects of radiofrequency radiation exposure on blood-brain barrier permeability in male and female rats.(2011) Sirav B et al. Electromagn Biol Med. 2011 Dec;30(4):253-60.
. Increased blood-brain barrier permeability in mammalian brain 7 days after exposure to the radiation from a GSM-900 mobile phone. (2009) Nittby H et al. 2009 Aug;16(2-3):103-12.
. Blood-brain barrier permeability and nerve cell damage in rat brain 14 and 28 days after exposure to microwaves from GSM mobile phones. (2008) Eberhardt JL et al. . Electromagn Biol Med. 2008;27(3):215-29.
. Radiofrequency and extremely low-frequency electromagnetic field effects on the blood-brain barrier. (2008) Nittby H et al. Electromagn Biol Med. 2008;27(2):103-26.
. Nerve cell damage in mammalian brain after exposure to microwaves from GSM mobile phones. (2003) Salford LG et al. Environ Health Perspect. 2003 Jun;111(7):881-3;
. Non-thermal activation of the hsp27/p38MAPK stress pathway by mobile phone radiation in human endothelial cells: molecular mechanism for cancer- and blood-brain barrier-related effects. (2002) Leszczynski D. Differentiation. 2002 May;70(2-3):120-9.
. Permeability of the blood-brain barrier induced by 915 MHz electromagnetic radiation, continuous wave and modulated at 8, 16, 50, and 200 Hz. (1994) Salford LG et al. Microsc Res Tech. 1994 Apr 15;27(6):535-42.
. Increased permeability of the blood-brain barrier induced by magnetic and electromagnetic fields. (1992) Persson BR et al. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1992 Mar 31;649:356-8.
. Neural function and behavior: defining the relationship. (1975) H. Frey, S.R. Feld, and B. Frey. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 247:433-439 (1975).

Related Published Articles on the Brain
. Structural Plasticity and Hippocampal Function. (2010) Benedetta Leuner and Elizabeth Gould. Annu Rev Psychol. 2010; 61: 111–C3.
. Chronic Stress-Induced Hippocampal Vulnerability: The Glucocorticoid Vulnerability Hypothesis. (2008) Cheryl D. Conrad. Rev Neurosci. 2008; 19(6): 395–411.
. Intestinal Barrier Function: Molecular Regulation and Disease Pathogenesis. (2009) Groschwitz, and Hogan. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2009 Jul; 124(1): 3–22.
. Skin Barrier Function. (2008) Peter M. Elias Curr Allergy Asthma Rep. 2008 Jul; 8(4): 299–305.

Voor een uitleg over de werking van de bloed-hersenbarrière zie:

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