Cancer epidemiology update, following the 2011 IARC evaluation of RF EMF (Monograph 102)
woensdag, 12 september 2018 - Categorie: Onderzoeken
Cancer epidemiology update, following the 2011 IARC evaluation of radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (Monograph 102)
Anthony B.Miller a L. Lloyd Morgan b Iris Udasin c Devra LeeDavis de
a Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Canada
b Environmental Health Trust, Berkeley, CA, United States
c Rutgers University School of Public Health, United States
d Environmental Health Trust, Teton Village, WY, United States
e Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel
Received 5 September 2017, Revised 14 June 2018, Accepted 20 June 2018, Available online 6 September 2018.
• Increased risk of brain, vestibular nerve and salivary gland tumors are associated with mobile phone use.
• Nine studies (2011–2017) report increased risk of brain cancer from mobile phone use.
• Four case-control studies (3 in 2013, 1 in 2014) report increased risk of vestibular nerve tumors.
• Concern for other cancers: breast (male & female), testis, leukemia, and thyroid.
• Based on the evidence reviewed it is our opinion that IARC's current categorization of RFR as a possible human carcinogen (Group 2B) should be upgraded to Carcinogenic to Humans (Group 1).
Epidemiology studies (case-control, cohort, time trend and case studies) published since the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) 2011 categorization of radiofrequency radiation (RFR) from mobile phones and other wireless devices as a possible human carcinogen (Group 2B) are reviewed and summarized. Glioma is an important human cancer found to be associated with RFR in 9 case-control studies conducted in Sweden and France, as well as in some other countries. Increasing glioma incidence trends have been reported in the UK and other countries. Non-malignant endpoints linked include acoustic neuroma (vestibular Schwannoma) and meningioma. Because they allow more detailed consideration of exposure, case-control studies can be superior to cohort studies or other methods in evaluating potential risks for brain cancer. When considered with recent animal experimental evidence, the recent epidemiological studies strengthen and support the conclusion that RFR should be categorized as carcinogenic to humans (IARC Group 1). Opportunistic epidemiological studies are proposed that can be carried out through cross-sectional analyses of high, medium, and low mobile phone users with respect to hearing, vision, memory, reaction time, and other indicators that can easily be assessed through standardized computer-based tests. As exposure data are not uniformly available, billing records should be used whenever available to corroborate reported exposures.
Brain cancerVestibular schwannomaSalivary gland tumorElectric hypersensitivityGliomaMeningiomaRadio frequency fieldsCell phonesMobile phones
1.1. Wireless phone types
2. Case-control studies; glioma
3. Case-control studies; meningioma
4. Case-control studies of other cancers and other tumors
5. Cohort studies
6. Brain tumor incidence, descriptive and trend analyses
7. Case series
9. Synthesis and conclusions
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