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What is adverse effect of Wireless Local Area Network, using 2.45 GHz, on the reproductive system?
Int J Radiat Biol. 2018 Jul 20:1-25. doi: 10.1080/09553002.2018.1503430. (Epub ahead of print)
Bilgici B 1, Gun S 2, Avci B 1, Akar A 3, Engiz BK 4.
1a Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine , Ondokuz Mayıs University , Samsun , Turkey.
2b Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine , Ondokuz Mayıs University , Samsun , Turkey.
3c Department of Biophysics, Faculty of Medicine , Ondokuz Mayıs University , Samsun , Turkey.
4d Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Ondokuz Mayıs University , Samsun , Turkey.
To investigate the inflammatory effect and testicular damage on rats exposed to low level of electromagnetic fields (EMF) at 2.45 GHz microwave radiation.
Twenty two Wistar rats were divided into two groups. Group 1 was the control group and not exposed to EMF. Group 2 was exposed to low level EMF (average E-field 3.68± 0.36 V/m, whole body average SAR, 0.0233W/kg, in 10g tissue) at 2.45 GHz for 1 hour/day for 30 consecutive days. At the end of the study, interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-10 (IL-10), interleukin-32 (IL-32), C-reactive protein (CRP) were measured in rat serum and IL-6, IL-10, IL-32 were measured in rat testis tissue. Furthermore, testicular tissues were evaluated histopathologically in terms of spermatogenesis and coagulation necrosis.
Serum IL-6 and CRP levels were found to be significantly different in the study group compared to the control group (p < 0.05), but no significant difference was found in serum IL-10, IL-32 levels and testis tissue IL-6, IL-10, IL-32 levels compared to the control group (p > 0.05). On the other hand, histopathological evaluation of testicular tissue revealed a significant difference in necrosis and spermatogenesis when compared with the control group (p < 0.05) Conclusions: It may be concluded that low level EMF at 2.45 GHz increases inflammation and testicular damage and negative impact on male reproductive system function.
Electromagnetic Fields; Inflammation; Testicular damage; cytokin
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