USA: Electromagnetic War Games Over National Park and Forest

woensdag, 12 november 2014 - Categorie: Berichten Internationaal

Bron: .
10 nov. 2014

Navy Plans Electromagnetic War Games Over National Park and Forest in Washington State

Een artikel met heel veel nuttige referenties.

Olympic National Park and Olympic National Forest in Washington State are two of the most beautiful wilderness areas in the United States. Majestic glacier-clad peaks rise above temperate rainforest-covered hills. Gorgeous rivers tumble down from the heights and the areas are home to several types of plants and animal species that exist nowhere else on earth.

These protected national commons are also the areas in and near where the US Navy aims to conduct its Northwest Electromagnetic Radiation Warfare training program, wherein it will fly 36 of its EA-18G ''Growler'' supersonic jet warplanes down to 1,200 feet above the ground in some areas in order to conduct war games with 14 mobile towers. Enough electromagnetic radiation will be emitted so as to be capable of melting human eye tissue, and causing breast cancer, childhood leukemia and damage to human fetuses, let alone impacting wildlife in the area.

What is at stake is not just whether the military is allowed to use protected public lands in the Pacific Northwest for its war games, but a precedent being set for them to do so across the entire country.

If it gets its way, this means the Navy would be flying Growler jets, which are electronic attack aircraft that specialize in radar jamming, in 2,900 training exercises over wilderness, communities and cities across the Olympic Peninsula for 260 days per year, with exercises lasting up to 16 hours per day.

No public notices for the Navy's plans were published in any media that directly serve the Olympic Peninsula; hence the Navy initially reported that it had received no public comments on its ''environmental assessment'' for the war games.

One barely advertised public comment meeting was held in the small town of Forks, a several hour drive from the larger towns and cities that will be impacted by the war games. When asked to schedule more public comment meetings, the Navy refused.

But word spread. Tens of thousands of residents across the peninsula became furious, and widespread and growing public outcry forced the Navy to extend the public comment period until November 28 and schedule more public meetings.

It is not news that the Navy has been conducting electronic warfare exercises for years, but it might come as a surprise for people to learn that according to the US Navy's Information Dominance Roadmap 2013-2028, the Navy states it ''will require new capabilities to fully employ integrated information in warfare by expanding the use of advanced electronic warfare.''

What is at stake is not just whether the military is allowed to use protected public lands in the Pacific Northwest for its war games, but a precedent being set for them to do so across the entire country.

Voor het verdere artikel zie bovenstaande link, maar enkele delen daarvan zijn interessant, i.h.b. vanwege de vele nuttige referenties:

The Navy's ''environmental assessment'' (EA) .
states, ''There are no conclusive direct hazards to human tissue as a result of electromagnetic radiation,'' and, ''Links to DNA fragmentation, leukemia, and cancer due to intermittent exposure to extremely high levels of electromagnetic radiation are speculative; study data are inconsistent and insufficient at this time.''

However, in direct contradiction to the Navy's responses along with their so-called environmental assessment, in 1994, the US Air Force published the report, ''Radiofrequency/Microwave Radiation Biological Effects and Safety Standards: A Review.'' .

Page 18 of the report states: ''Nonthermal disruptions have been observed to occur at power densities that are much lower than are necessary to induce thermal effects. Soviet researchers have attributed alterations in the central nervous system and the cardiovascular system to the nonthermal effect of low level RF/MW radiation exposure.''

The report concludes, ''Experimental evidence has shown that exposure to low intensity radiation can have a profound effect on biological processes.'' (emphasis added)

It is important to note that at the time that report was written, the standard for exposure was 50,000 milliwatts per square meter. Today, the maximum exposure limit is 10,000 milliwatts per square meter, yet even that level is more than 1 million times higher than the allowable exposure limits published in the 2012 BioInitiative Report. .

Furthermore, the ''EA'' quotes from a study (Focke et al. 2009) that deals with extremely low frequency radiation (50 hertz) only and is thus completely irrelevant to the gigahertz radiation being proposed (1 gigahertz equals 1 billion hertz).

The Navy has not provided any relevant studies that prove no long-term effects to flora and fauna for their proposed 4,680 hours per year of exposure.

Nor does the ''EA'' factor in the electromagnetic radiation from the Navy's Growler jets, as the jets will be using it to locate ground transmitters.

Peer-reviewed, published scientific studies about the harmful effects to humans of electromagnetic radiation abound.

A quick search on Google Scholar for ''Electromagnetic fields risk to humans'',48&as_sdtp= .
produces over 63,000 results, most of which are published scientific studies that chronicle the deleterious impact of electromagnetic fields to the human organism.

Some of the studies titles are: ''Carcinogenicity of radiofrequency,'' ''The sensitivity of children to electromagnetic fields,'' ''Exposure to extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields and the risk of malignant diseases - an evaluation of epidemiological and experimental findings,'' ''Extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields as effectors of cellular responses in vitro: possible immune cell activation,'' and ''Exposure to electromagnetic fields and the risk of childhood leukemia,'' to name just a few. . .;jsessionid=C162094B14BBF70CDFF20B34F8118A8A.f03t02?deniedAccessCustomisedMessage=&userIsAuthenticated=false . .

One study, titled ''Leukemia and Occupational Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields: Review of Epidemiologic Surveys,'' states in its abstract: ''Results for total leukemia show a modest excess risk for men in exposed occupations, with an enhanced risk elevation for acute leukemia and especially acute myelogenous leukemia.'' .

A report titled ''Biological effects from electromagnetic field exposure and public exposure standards,'' .
published in the journal Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy in 2008, concluded:

Health endpoints reported to be associated with ELF and/or RF include childhood leukemia, brain tumors, genotoxic effects, neurological effects and neurodegenerative diseases, immune system deregulation, allergic and inflammatory responses, breast cancer, miscarriage and some cardiovascular effects. The BioInitiative Report concluded that a reasonable suspicion of risk exists based on clear evidence of bioeffects at environmentally relevant levels, which, with prolonged exposures may reasonably be presumed to result in health impacts.

Electromagnetic radiation's impact on wildlife is very well documented, as thousands of peer-reviewed scientific studies have been published on the topic.

In May 2014, a study titled ''Electromagnetic Interference Disrupts Bird Navigation, Hints at Quantum Action'' was published in the journal Nature. ''Researchers found out that very weak electromagnetic fields disrupt the magnetic compass used by European robins and other songbirds to navigate using the Earth's magnetic field,'' according to the study. .

That same month another study, ''Sensory biology: Radio waves zap the biomagnetic compass,'' was also published in Nature. ''Weak radio waves in the medium-wave band are sufficient to disrupt geomagnetic orientation in migratory birds, according to a particularly well-controlled study,'' Nature reports. It added, ''Interference from electronics . . . can disrupt the internal magnetic compasses of migratory birds.'' .

A 2013 study published in Environment International, ''A review of the ecological effects of radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (RF-EMF),'' concluded, ''In about two-thirds of the reviewed studies ecological effects of RF-EMF were reported at high as well as at low dosages.'' .

A June 2011 study published in Ecosphere, titled ''Impacts of Acute and Long-Term Vehicle Exposure on Physiology and Reproductive Success of the Northern Spotted Owl,'' found that while the spotted owl is able to compensate for a low level of increased noise pollution and vehicle presence up to a threshold, ''beyond which disturbance impacts may be greatly magnified - and even cause system collapse.'' The northern spotted owl is an endangered species. .

While more studies on the impact of electromagnetic radiation on larger animals are underway and the results pending, the negative impacts on birds in the proposed war-gaming areas are clear.

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