India: Regering reageert op gezondheidsrisico's zendmasten.
vrijdag, 12 maart 2010 - Categorie: Berichten Internationaal
Onder toenemende druk van burgers en parlementsleden heeft de Indiase regering besloten een Commissie te benoemen om de gezondheidsgevaren van zendmasten in de bebouwde kom te onderzoeken. De commissie is gevraagd binnen 3 maanden met nieuwe normen te komen.
Bron: Mumbai Mirror 12 maart 2010
Strong signal on cell tower hazard
Government wakes up to health risks posed by mobile phone towers on residential buildings, appoints expert committee to suggest new norms
Auteur: Santosh Andhale
Under mounting pressure from health conscious citizens and members in the Assembly, the state government’s health department has finally appointed a high-power committee to investigate the health hazards posed by cellphone towers on top of residential buildings.
The committee, which includes experts and scientists from Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, is expected to submit a report to the government in three months, spelling out new norms for such installations. There will also be interactions with the public and service providers for inputs.
The panellists also include a radiologist and a neuro-physician from Tata Hospital, additional chief secretary (health services), principal secretary (urban development department) and secretaries (environment department, Maharashtra Pollution Control Board and Public Works Department).
State Health Minister Suresh Shetty confirmed the development, saying, “We met on Thursday to discuss the probable health hazards caused by cellphone towers. Our expert committee will submit a report soon and we will also examine the telecom authorities’ view on this issue.”
A Mirror survey of 2008 had measured electromagnetic radiation (EMR) levels emitted by cell towers in the city (see box). The results had shown alarming levels of radiation which could lead to several physical disorders.
However, the issue of installing cell towers remains a contentious one, with service providers offering generous compensation to housing societies in lieu of the space.
Says the resident of a housing society at Tardeo which recently had a tower installed for an annual rent of Rs 4.5 lakh: “This money goes towards the creation of a corpus. Residents eventually don't have to pay any maintenance. Why will we not allow it?”
In the absence of concrete, actionable data on the health risks posed by the electromagnetic waves emitted from these towers, it is cell service providers who are allegedly taking advantage of the information lacunae -- a reason why there are at least 1,000 cellphone towers on residential buildings across the city.
Dr R K Shegaonkar, vice chancellor and former deputy director, IIT Mumbai, said, “While some of the studies say the waves are harmful others contradict them.
At the moment here are no conclusive reports. Health risks depend on the number of times one is exposed to these rays, the length of the rays and other parameters.
While it is true that some medical reports confirm the harmful effects of the radiation, telecommunication companies refute the claims.”
Dr Anil Pachnekar of the Indian Medical Association and a Central Working Committee member mentioned “heaviness, headache, dehydration” as some of the immediate effects of exposure to cell tower radiation, adding that more such evidence would emerge in the coming days after the ongoing research worldwide came to a conclusion.
A year ago, JJ Hospital had turned down an offer from cell service providers to install towers inside the 43-acre campus (see box).
The refusal had come after the Dean set up a three-member expert committee, which found the health risks far too many to be ignored. Though the contents of the report have remained confidential, the decision to keep out the towers from the hospital was damning enough.
In January 2009, Mirror reported on how a couple, residents of a Khar housing society, protested the setting up of a cell tower on their terrace.
Being acutely aware of the health hazards caused by the radiation from the towers, the Sukhijas fought tooth and nail to stop their society from renting the terrace space to a cellphone service provider for Rs 6 lakh a month.
They fought a lonely battle because the lure of lucre seemed to be too much for all the other 21 families, who had agreed to let the tower come up.
The Mirror Survey
In July 2009, Mirror got Cogent EMR Solutions Ltd, a noted Delhi-based company, to measure EMR levels at seven spots across the city. At five of these spots, the meter showed that radiation levels were far beyond acceptable limits. High radiation levels are known to cause brain damage and heart problems, apart from raising a host of other health issues.
The levels outside Mantralaya, the World Trade Centre and near Breach Candy Hospital were found to be unacceptably high. And if you thought your walk at the Marine Drive was doing you a world of good and letting you breathe some fresh air, here's the truth: EMR levels there are among the highest, and experts say “being there is like being in an X-ray machine.”
JJ Hospital turned down mobile tower proposal
In February 2009, Mirror had reported how JJ Hospital had squarely refused to let cellphone service providers install a mobile tower on any of the 50 buildings inside the 43-acre campus.
The proposal to have a tower was pushed by the VVIPs who regularly complained of bad network coverage inside the hospital campus though cellphones were banned in the ICU and other sensitive areas.
The Dean, after consulting the radiology, pharmacology and neurology experts submitted a detailed report about the possible health hazards posed by the towers.
The Dean, Dr R S Inamdar had told Mirror, “The report quoted the International Commission on Non-Ionising Radiation Protection (ICNIRP) and the Telecommunication Engineering Centre (TEC), a core technical wing of the Department of Telecommunications, Government of India.” On the basis of this confidential report, the hospital refused to allow the cell towers to be installed.
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