StopUMTS Logo
how to get rid of moles 
06/11/17Beschermen tegen de ra
12/10/17Meetspecialisten, meet
18/11/17Vuile stroom (netvervuili
16/11/17ADHD is meer een probleem
16/11/17Mobile phones cause letha
16/11/17Mt Nardi Wildlife Report
15/11/17Cell Phone Headaches –
14/11/1715.000 wetenschappers uit
Berichten Nederland
19/11/17De iPad-school van Mauric
18/11/17KWF collecteert met stral
16/11/17Promotie van een psycholo
16/11/17Toename van klachten in N
14/11/17Aantal antenne-installati
Berichten België
14/11/17Hoe gezond of ongezond is
24/10/17NMBS-baas Sophie Dutordoi
Berichten Internationaal
18/11/17IARC-WHO: Global burden o
18/11/17Duits verbod op 'slimme'
14/11/17De stralingsbelasting en
09/11/17Bill Gates and Steve Jobs
Ervaringen | Appellen/oproepen
17/11/17Alice kan niet tegen stra
12/11/17Afscherming, voor sommige
05/11/17TV met WiFi; een ervaring
14/11/17Modeled and Perceived Exp
06/11/17Decreases in sleep durati
25/10/17Radiation from wireless t
Veel gestelde vragen
13/05/17Vakantie? Witte zo
10/07/16Zeven veel gestelde vrage
Juridische informatie
08/11/17InPower Movement: Early r
19/10/17The precautionary princip
11/10/17Telekom warns of (its own
29/11/17Raadsmarkt ZENDMASTEN &
11/11/17Cursus ‘Straling meten
29/10/17Petitie: Geen uitbreiding
10/09/17Brochures, folders, websi
29/04/16USA: Meer dan 50 tips voo
Briefwisselingen | Archief: 2008, 2005
10/07/17Brief naar de gemeente C.
14/06/17Mail naar 'De Monitor' na
 Fotoalbum zendmasten
 Wetenschappelijke illustraties
Hiding in Plain Sight Neglected Low-Level EM Effects    
Ga naar overzicht berichten in: Artikelen

Hiding in Plain Sight Neglected Low-Level EM Effects
donderdag, 31 augustus 2017 - Dossier: Algemeen

27 aug. 2017

A Reminiscence on the Occasion of Abe Liboff’s 90th Birthday

Today is Abe Liboff’s 90th birthday. Liboff is a physicist —he was the chairman of the physics department at Oakland University in Rochester, Michigan, for many years, and, before that, a professor at NYU. He used to be a coeditor of the journal, Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine. As long as I have known him, Liboff has been asking questions about the world he sees all around. When possible, he runs experiments to test out his ideas. He continues to have a lively correspondence with those who share his interests in electromagnetic field effects, especially the role of the Earth’s magnetic field. Liboff is finishing up a book on the topic to be published next year.

Back in 1984 when I first got to know him, Liboff had recently completed a two-year fellowship at the Naval Medical Research Institute in Bethesda, Maryland. He was back at Oakland but continued to collaborate with a psychologist at NMRI, John Thomas, who was doing research for the New York Power Line Project (NYPLP) run by David Carpenter.

Liboff’s work at NMRI led to two startling experimental findings. One, which was published in Science, showed that relatively weak magnetic fields interfered with DNA synthesis. The results raised questions about the safety of power lines, as well as a submarine communication antenna the Navy was testing in his home state of Michigan. (Project ELF, as it was known, went operational in 1989.)

As important as the DNA finding was, there was something else: The experiment challenged the physicists’ model of EMF interactions. Liboff had scanned a swath of magnetic field frequencies (from 15 Hz to 4 kHz) and they all triggered a similar effect. According to theory, the fields induced currents in cell tissues and these would go up and down with changes in frequency. But Liboff had seen a flat response, strongly suggesting that currents were not involved. Physics could offer no explanation for what had happened to the DNA —only that it had nothing do with heating. Some kind of non-thermal effect was at work.

“If indeed chromosome replication is affected,” he wrote in Science, “This would constitute a new type of mutational force.”

Liboff’s other breakthrough came in the experiment Thomas was running at NMRI for the NYPLP. It showed observable changes in the behavior in animals exposed to very specific combinations of static magnetic fields (like the Earth’s natural field) and time-varying fields (like those from power lines and the Navy antenna).

Here again, the applied fields were very weak and the physics as well as the biology ran counter to the prevailing thermal dogma. Liboff’s hypothesis, formally known as ion cyclotron resonance (ICR) —initially evolved following exchanges with Carl Blackman of the Environmental Protection Agency— would remain the focus of Liboff’s research for the next 30 years.

A “Stunning Demonstration”

The NY project sent a two-man team, Mike Marron and Elliot Postow, to visit Thomas’s lab. Marron was with the Office of Naval Research and Postow was with the Naval Medical R&D Command. Both would later become members of the senior staff at the National Institutes of Health.

In his report, Marron called the response of the rats to the combined fields “stunning.” He then added, “Even more startling than the experimental results themselves is the rationale these investigators used to design the experiment,” referring to Liboff’s ICR hypothesis. (Read Marron’s October 1984 site visit report here; and the November 1984 Microwave News article on the experiment here.)

That the experimental results fit the ICR model “would seem to be more than coincidence,” Marron concluded, “How much more remains to be seen.”

At the time, Thomas told me that this was “one of the most interesting developments to come along in a long time.”

The Navy expressed interest in following up and asked Liboff to prepare a proposal. But, just as he was about to submit one, the Navy called to say it was no longer interested. The program closed down, and Thomas was taken off EMFs and assigned to cold weather research.

The Navy also had a long history of suppressing research that could conflict with its core mission. Its decision could well have reflected the fact that Project ELF was seen as central to the command and control of the Navy’s nuclear weapons. Yet, in an exchange of e-mails last week, Marron pointed out that, at that time, the Navy lost the lead on EM research to the Air Force, which let the ICR work slide. Indeed, it would become apparent that the Air Force was more interested in developing EM weapons than investigating side effects and mechanisms of interaction. The Air Force later built a ray gun that uses millimeter waves to inflict painful burns; the system is called “active denial.”

Thomas and Liboff submitted their animal behavior paper to Science. But this time the peer reviewers rejected it. “They considered the whole thing absurd,” Liboff told me recently. Nevertheless, the work has been replicated “widely,” he said. The Thomas-Liboff ICR paper was published in Bioelectromagnetics in 1986.

Zhadin Sees Effect with Magnetic Fields Below 1 mG

When I called him to go over some of this old history, Liboff was more interested in talking about experiments that had been carried out in Mikhail Zhadin’s lab in Pushchino, not far from Moscow. In the late 1990s, Zhadin showed effects consistent with the ICR hypothesis at minuscule magnetic field levels —down to 20nT or 0.2mG. (Yes, a fraction of a milligauss.) Zhadin died in 2015 at the age of 80.

“It’s fantastic work,” Liboff told me. “It’s been replicated in three different labs, notably at the University of Turin, he said. “Yet, there’s no appreciation of Zhadin’s work.”

Frank Barnes, a distinguished professor emeritus at the University of Colorado in Boulder, is a coauthor of a key 1998 paper by Zhadin. Still Barnes is more ambivalent than Liboff. “I have never been quite comfortable with the theory or felt I understood what was going on,” he told me recently. But, he said, “It’s worth looking at Zhadin’s results again,” in light of the replication in Italy.

Liboff continues to stress the importance of experimental data. What is observed in the lab, he maintains, has more significance than what the theory and equations show. “We may not have an explanation for everything we see in the lab,” he said, “but that has not stopped the application of ICR to a host of medical problems —such as, repairing broken bones and, more recently, damaged heart muscles.”

''Even more exciting,” Liboff continued, ''Ultraweak ICR magnetic fields have been shown to alter the structure of water.”

Clearly, even at 90, Liboff is nowhere near done yet.


Oxford University Press will publish Liboff’s book, Biological Effects of the Earth’s Magnetic Field, in 2018.

Abe Liboff, Frank Barnes, Mikhail Zhadin, Carl Blackman, Michael Marron, Elliot Postow, David Carpenter, nonthermal effects, cyclotron resonance

Voor de vele verwijzingen (links) in dit verhaal zie de link bovenaan.

Ga terug naar het hoofdmenu
Afdrukken | Vragen | RSS | Disclaimer