StopUMTS Logo
how to get rid of moles 
Zoeken
   
Voorlichting
05/02/18Voorlichting voor wie nie
23/01/18Meetspecialisten, afsc
Artikelen
21/02/18Noppies introduceert tege
18/02/18Can Cell Tower Radiation
14/02/18Vaccins: een veiligheidsv
11/02/18Autisme: New CDC Statisti
09/02/18De Volkskrant: Leven met
08/02/18Skepsis en de Vereniging
Berichten Nederland
16/02/18Blogs Hugo Schooneveld (v
15/02/18Mogelijk toch 5G-netwerk
15/02/185G: Nederlandse overheid
09/02/18Haarlemmers stappen naar
06/02/18Foto's: Ziek van Straling
Berichten België
14/02/18Stralingsoverlast door ze
13/02/18Strenge stralingsnormen b
Berichten Internationaal
21/02/18Engeland: smart meters -
17/02/1818 child smart watches fa
16/02/18Duitsland: Tewlekom - waa
15/02/18USA: SpaceX mag van FCC-v
Ervaringen | Appellen/oproepen
09/02/18Burostoel met smart activ
15/01/18Ziekmakende ervaringen me
12/01/18Soms is tinnitus geen tin
Onderzoeken
21/02/18Elektromagnetische velden
15/02/18Effects of electromagneti
07/02/18NTP: High Exposure to Rad
Veel gestelde vragen
13/05/17Vakantie? Witte zo
10/07/16Zeven veel gestelde vrage
Juridische informatie
23/01/18Reeks publicaties op juri
23/01/18Juridisch advies en begel
19/01/18Afspraken voor beterere t
Oproepen
21/03/18Gratis informatiebijeenko
17/03/18Cursus straling meten voo
03/03/18Lezing: Wat doen elektrom
Folders
10/09/17Brochures, folders, websi
29/04/16USA: Meer dan 50 tips voo
Briefwisselingen | Archief: 2008, 2005
20/02/18Voorbeeldbrief Gemeentera
11/02/18Open brief aan KPN na ond
Illustraties
 Algemeen
 Fotoalbum zendmasten
 Wetenschappelijke illustraties
Maximum in vitro exposure levels and realistic conservative exposure levels of mobile phones    
Ga naar overzicht berichten in: Onderzoeken

Maximum in vitro exposure levels and realistic conservative exposure levels of mobile phones
vrijdag, 13 februari 2015 - Dossier: Algemeen


Bron: www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25644546 .
Bioelectromagnetics. 2015 Feb;36(2):133-48. doi: 10.1002/bem.21895. Epub 2015 Jan 30.

The discrepancy between maximum in vitro exposure levels and realistic conservative exposure levels of mobile phones operating at 900/1800 MHz.

Schmid G1, Kuster N.
1Seibersdorf Laboratories, Seibersdorf, Austria.

Abstract
The objective of this paper is to compare realistic maximum electromagnetic exposure of human tissues generated by mobile phones with electromagnetic exposures applied during in vitro experiments to assess potentially adverse effects of electromagnetic exposure in the radiofrequency range. We reviewed 80 in vitro studies published between 2002 and present that concern possible adverse effects of exposure to mobile phones operating in the 900 and 1800 MHz bands. We found that the highest exposure level averaged over the cell medium that includes evaluated cells (monolayer or suspension) used in 51 of the 80 studies corresponds to 2 W/kg or less, a level below the limit defined for the general public. That does not take into account any exposure non-uniformity. For comparison, we estimated, by numerical means using dipoles and a commercial mobile phone model, the maximum conservative exposure of superficial tissues from sources operated in the 900 and 1800 MHz bands. The analysis demonstrated that exposure of skin, blood, and muscle tissues may well exceed 40 W/kg at the cell level. Consequently, in vitro studies reporting minimal or no effects in response to maximum exposure of 2 W/kg or less averaged over the cell media, which includes the cells, may be of only limited value for analyzing risk from realistic mobile phone exposure. We, therefore, recommend future in vitro experiments use specific absorption rate levels that reflect maximum exposures and that additional temperature control groups be included to account for sample heating.

Bioelectromagnetics. 36:133-148, 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

KEYWORDS:GSM; SAR; cell; compliance; radiofrequency


Ga terug naar het hoofdmenu
Afdrukken | Vragen | RSS | Disclaimer