StopUMTS Logo
how to get rid of moles
Zoeken
   
Voorlichting
20/03/17Meetspecialisten, meet
16/03/17Plaatsing zendmasten en g
Artikelen
25/03/17De slimme meter als spion
24/03/17Video over de gevaren van
24/03/17Voordracht Hugo Schooneve
23/03/17COMPILATIE: Maatregelen v
23/03/17Google Glass Alert: Po
20/03/17Profitability Versus Publ
Berichten Nederland
26/03/17‘12.000 doden, we moete
26/03/17Maurice de Hond stapt noo
22/03/17SOLK: bericht op facebook
17/03/17Milieuklachten (zendmast,
17/03/17Aantal antenne-installati
Berichten België
18/03/17Proximus lanceert 4,5G in
09/02/17Lezing: Elektrosmog - De
Berichten Internationaal
23/03/17USA: Massachusetts Cel
23/03/17USA: Seventeen Ohio Ci
23/03/17Filipijnen: Community res
22/03/17Bangladesh: A mobile t
Ervaringen | Appellen/oproepen
19/03/17Hong Kong residents urge
06/03/17Mother Warns Women Not to
02/03/17Slimme meter verwijder
Onderzoeken
24/03/17Combined biological and h
20/03/17High radiofrequency radia
20/03/17Evaluation of Mobile P
Veel gestelde vragen
23/07/16Vakantie? Witte zo
10/07/16Zeven veel gestelde vrage
Juridische informatie
05/03/17'Staat moet verantwoordel
28/02/17USA: Judge Rules Californ
28/01/17Oostenrijk: Een burgemees
Oproepen
22/04/17Stichting EHS: Landelijke
08/04/17CURSUS: Straling meten
27/03/17Lezing over Kanker in Haa
Folders
21/02/17Brochures, folders, websi
29/04/16USA: Meer dan 50 tips voo
Briefwisselingen | Archief: 2008, 2005
05/03/17Mail naar ''kunnenweprate
05/03/17Brief aan de gemeente Epe
Illustraties
 Algemeen
 Fotoalbum zendmasten
 Wetenschappelijke illustraties
{Evaluation of Mobile Phone and Cordless Phone Use and Glioma Risk}    
Ga naar overzicht berichten in: Onderzoeken

Evaluation of Mobile Phone and Cordless Phone Use and Glioma Risk
maandag, 20 maart 2017 - Dossier: Algemeen


Bron: www.hindawi.com/journals/bmri/2017/9218486/
BioMed Research International
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 9218486, 17 pages
16 maart 2017

Review Article

Evaluation of Mobile Phone and Cordless Phone Use and Glioma Risk Using the Bradford Hill Viewpoints from 1965 on Association or Causation

Michael Carlberg and Lennart Hardell
Department of Oncology, Faculty of Medicine and Health, Örebro University, 701 82 Örebro, Sweden

Correspondence should be addressed to Michael Carlberg
Received 17 November 2016; Accepted 29 January 2017; Published 16 March 2017
Copyright © 2017 Michael Carlberg and Lennart Hardell.

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. Bradford Hill’s viewpoints from 1965 on association or causation were used on glioma risk and use of mobile or cordless phones.

Methods. All nine viewpoints were evaluated based on epidemiology and laboratory studies.

Results.
Strength: meta-analysis of case-control studies gave odds ratio (OR) = 1.90, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.31–2.76 with highest cumulative exposure.
Consistency: the risk increased with latency, meta-analysis gave in the 10+ years’ latency group OR = 1.62, 95% CI = 1.20–2.19.
Specificity: increased risk for glioma was in the temporal lobe. Using meningioma cases as comparison group still increased the risk.
Temporality: highest risk was in the 20+ years’ latency group, OR = 2.01, 95% CI =1.41–2.88, for wireless phones.
Biological gradiënt: cumulative use of wireless phones increased the risk. Plausibility: animal studies showed an increased incidence of glioma and malignant schwannoma in rats exposed to radiofrequency (RF) radiation. There is increased production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) from RF radiation.
Coherence: there is a change in the natural history of glioma and increasing incidence.
Experiment: antioxidants reduced ROS production from RF radiation.
Analogy: there is an increased risk in subjects exposed to extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields.

Conclusion. RF radiation should be regarded as a human carcinogen causing glioma.


Ga terug naar het hoofdmenu
Afdrukken | Vragen | RSS | Disclaimer