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Loon project: International coalition objects to Google's 'Project Loon' and counter arguments    
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Loon project: International coalition objects to Google's 'Project Loon' and counter arguments
dinsdag, 12 januari 2016 - Dossier: Algemeen

Source 1:
8 jan. 2016

Google Inc.’s plan to deliver global WiFi access through Project Loon—a network of balloons floating in the stratosphere designed to connect people in remote areas and fill gaps in coverage—has sparked controversy.

The Global Union Against Radiation Deployment from Space (GUARDS), an international coalition against global WiFi from space, has objected to Google’s plan.

GUARDS argued, in a recent filing to the Federal Communications Commission, that the proposed project violates several international treaties, including the UN Declaration of Human Rights, the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child and the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.

Google applied for an experimental radio service license that would allegedly cover 88.6 to 99.6 percent of the land area of the continental U.S. with radiofrequency (RF) electromagnetic radiation.

Exposure to RF radiation—in the wavelengths that Google proposes to use in providing global WiFi—can cause serious biological effects that can lead to increased risks of cancer, GUARDS said Dec. 17 in its informal objection.

GUARDS added that countries are responsible for acting in the best interest of their children and should not force them to be exposed to this radiation.

Source 2: e-mail EMF Refugee
12 Jan. 2016

Loon: Important information from Sunday's conference call (Jan. 10, 2016) that people should listen to from Prof. Trevor Marshall

1. Important information provided in Sunday’s conference call (January 10, 2016) that I suggest you listen to
2. This includes anticipated power densities at ground level from overflying balloons and drones (based upon current knowledge)
3. Instructions to listen to recording are given below
4. Sign up for GoogleLoonEMF Yahoo Group @ or send email to Paul Doyon at to join.

Greetings. We had a most productive conference call this past Sunday, January 10th, that a total of 19 people were in on at various times. We learned and discussed highly important and valuable information on both the technical and policy aspects of this project that I think are important for everyone to hear.

We had the great honor to have Prof. Trevor G Marshall, PhD join us. Dr. Marshall is Director of the Autoimmunity Research Foundation in Thousand Oaks, California and is also a member of prestigious organizations in Brussels, Germany and Moscow. Dr. Marshall not only has a working knowledge of both the physics and engineering aspects of radio frequencies and the technologies that create them, including cell towers and the types of transmitters that Google and others are testing on balloons and drones, but he is also knowledgable on the physiological and health effects of exposure to these frequencies on human health, both the thermal and non-thermal, biological effects. His website is .

Most recently, Dr. Marshall presented a lecture entitled, “How Radio Waves Make You Sicker; Environmental Radiation Modulates Symptoms in Human Immune Disease”. This was presented at the 5th International Symposium on the Interaction of the Nervous and Immune Systems in Health and Disease in June 2015 in St. Petersburg, Russia. The link to his 20 minute talk is . A PDF copy of the written abstract is here: . A PDF of a recent paper (cited on slide 3) describing the Foundation's earlier research, ''Inflammatory Disease and the Human Microbiome'' is available from: .

Dr. Marshall went into detailed descriptions on Sinday’s call of the expected impact of the radio frequencies reportedly to be transmitted from Google’s balloons and drones, as far as we know from the data we have from Google’s FCC filings. He has been following this for two years and helped Alasdair Philips with his calculations of power flux density that Alasdair reported to us two seeks ago.

The important thing to know is that Dr. Marshall says what others have already told us, that the strength of the radio frequency signals from these balloons and drones floating or flying twelve miles up will be quite low once it reaches the ground relative to other RF transmitters we are already exposed to at ground level. This is contrary to what some individuals have assumed must be the case for the RF waves coming to earth from Google’s balloons and drones. We understand that there could be the conclusion that since the signal has to travel quite far, it must be made stronger than what is transmitted from land-based antennas. However, that is not the case, according to Dr. Marshall and others.

This is because it turns out that wireless devices have the capacity to successfully receive radio signals at extremely low levels, lower than you think, and these sky- and space-based transmitters, which are powered by solar panels and not the electric grid as land-based cell towers are. will take advantage of that fact. People are surprised to learn that your cell phone shows five bars when the RF signal strength it is picking up from the distant cell tower is only 0.01 microWatts/meter squared (µW/m2) or 0.002 V/m or -50 dBm/m2. The cell phone can still connect to the tower at 1 bar, which is 0.000025 microWatts/meter squared (µW/m2) or 0.00001 V/m, which is almost 100 times lower than five bars.

Also, the understanding that because a signal from a balloon covers up to 100 miles on the ground it must be strong is also not true, because any land-based transmitter that is not designed to have a narrow beam, as point-to-point microwave transmitters have, will also spread out to a 100 mile diameter many miles out, however the power density of all radio transmissions decreases exponentially with distance by the 1 over r squared law (where r is distance). This means, at half the distance to zero field strength, the strength of the radio signal decreases to one-quarter, not one-half of what it is at the source. Thus the signal gets lower even faster than the distance away from the transmitter.

Dr. Marshall’s findings corroborate with what Alasdair Philips, Yuval Tsur and other engineers have been telling us for weeks now, that the signal strength from these sky-based transmitters, no matter what frequency, will all be much lower than what the general public is exposed to from the router, laptop, tablet, cell phone, cordless phone and cell towers in that most people use or are exposed to, by several orders of magnitude.

I am still working on my draft of a more detailed summary of the technical aspects of this project, but according to the numbers that Yuval and Alasdair crunched, it boils down to:
Expected power flux density values at ground level from balloons and drones in the neighborhood of 1-2 microWatts/meter squared (µW/m2) or 0.02 V/m and -51 to -47 dBm from point-to-point transmissions at 70-90 GHz, which Dr. Marshall says every balloon will transmit, and
Expected power flux density values at ground level of 0.0006 to 0.003 microWatts/meter squared (µW/m2), or 0.0005 to 0.001 V/m or -83 to -77 dBm/m2 for frequencies transmitted in the 2400 and 900 MHz range, respectively, which is what Google used when they tested their Titan drones in 2014
Dr. Marshall says LTE will probably be broadcast by Google in the 3.5 GHz band, which will produce RF power density levels at ground level similar to the levels just mentioned.

These LTE values are well below the beginning of the No Concern range of the Building Biology profession’s guidelines for safe EMF exposure, which begins at 0.1 microWatts/meter squared (µW/m2) and goes down from there, and the values for the point-to-point transmissions are in the slight concern level. The table is found at .

We also have more data in applications that Google filed with the FCC in October 3015 that Arthur Firstenberg found by searching the FCC database using the applicant name, Alphabet, which is the parent company of Google, but the ground-based power density levels will be the same.

Dr. Marshall also went into great detail on how shielding differs at different frequencies. There are many factors that need to be taken into consideration to properly and effectively shield one’s home and also one’s person against these radio waves with the use of RF-shielding fabric. I will share this information in the technical statement I am preparing. Dr. Marshall is working on a silver-based fabric to provide effective shielding of the head and body. For more information on that, contact Dr. Marshall at .

In summary, the RF power density values anticipated from Google’s balloons and drones are expected to be quite low at ground level compared to the RF levels many people are exposed to in homes and neighborhoods from a growing number of sources at ground level, which are often measured at thousands of microWatts/meter squared (µW/m2). There will be more ground-based RF from the Wi-Fi repeaters in Google's red balls affixed to people’s homes and cell phones will have to ''work harder'' to transmit back up to the sky-based receivers on the balloons and drones.

We did agree that these low RF levels that reach remote areas would be a problem for electorally sensitive individuals. That is a given, which everyone agrees with. So-called “white zones” will be needed, and this was discussed.

Needless to say, these RF power density values don’t reflect the non-thermal health effects for everyone from these extremely short, pulsed digital radio signals from the transmitters on these balloons and drones. This will have an affect at even extremely low power density levels. Electrically-sensitive individuals are particularly sensitive to these non-thermal effects, but they affect all of us on a cellular and psychological level, not to mention what all of this does, even at low levels, to bees and other insects, animals and plants.

I honestly will not have time to provide a more detailed summary than what I have presented here (outside of the technical statement I am working on). That is why I highly recommend that you listen to Sunday’s call to hear this important information directly for yourself if you want more details. I will eventually summarize it in a technical statement.

At roughly the 112 minute mark, we get into a detailed discussion of policy for the remainder of the call. This discussion was started by Debora Kopald (not Devra Davis, as I initially thought) and others. We covered many of the points already under discussion by the larger group. I suggest you listen to this portion to hear what policy points were discussed and Dr. Marshall’s comments.

A number of countries, including Sweden and France, recognize electromagnetic hypersensitivity syndrome (EHS) as a disability triggered by exposure to electromagnetic fields. The World Health Organization (WHO) recognizes EHS as a condition whose symptoms (e.g., fatigue, difficulty in concentrating, dizziness, nausea) can be debilitating.

In the U.S., the parents of a 12-year-old child filed Dec. 8 an amended complaint in a Massachusetts federal district court, claiming that a private school violated the Americans with Disabilities Act by failing to make changes to its allegedly high-density WiFi system to accommodate their son’s EHS “disability.”

People with EHS allegedly may not be able to escape the electromagnetic fields if WiFi is blanketing the earth. We’ll keep watch and let you know any updates on GUARD’s efforts to stop Project Loon.

One thing is missing in the above discussion, communication with Google's balloons and drones goes two ways and since these are far far away the exposure from the balloon or drone will not be the problem, but the exposure from one's own cell phone. The cell phone signals will have to be strong enough to be properly received by the balloon or drone.

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